Understanding Acne: Causes, Prevention, and Treatment Options

At Balance Medical Spa, we understand how acne can affect not just your skin, but your self-esteem and overall wellbeing. Acne is a common condition that impacts people of all ages and genders. By understanding its causes, learning how to prevent it, and exploring effective treatment options, you can better manage this condition. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll delve into what causes acne, share tips for prevention, and highlight effective treatments, including advanced procedures like SkinPen microneedling, Chemical Peels, and the use of salicylic acid, all available at Balance. 

What Causes Acne? 

Acne develops when hair follicles become clogged with oil and dead skin cells, leading to blackheads, whiteheads, and cysts. Here are some key factors that contribute to acne: 

Hormonal Changes: Hormones, especially androgens, can increase oil production, clogging pores and leading to acne. This is common during puberty, menstruation, pregnancy, and for those with hormonal imbalances. 

Bacteria: Our skin naturally hosts a bacterium called Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes). When pores become clogged, these bacteria multiply, causing inflammation and acne. 

Genetics: A family history of acne can increase your likelihood of developing it, indicating a genetic predisposition. 

Diet: Although the connection between diet and acne is still being studied, certain foods like high-glycaemic-index foods and dairy are thought to increase acne. 

Stress: Stress can trigger hormonal changes that may worsen acne. While it doesn’t directly cause acne, it can exacerbate it. 

Skincare Products: Using oily or greasy products can clog pores. It’s important to use non-comedogenic products that don’t block pores. 

How to Prevent Acne 

Preventing acne involves adopting a gentle skincare routine and making healthy lifestyle choices. Here are some tips: 

Cleanse Regularly: Wash your face twice daily with a gentle cleanser to remove excess oil, dirt, and sweat. Avoid harsh scrubbing, which can irritate your skin and worsen acne. 

Moisturise: Even if you have oily skin, using a moisturiser is important. Choose non-comedogenic moisturisers that hydrate without clogging pores. 

Use Sunscreen: Protect your skin from UV damage by applying a broad-spectrum sunscreen with at least SPF 30. This helps prevent hyperpigmentation and scarring. 

Avoid Touching Your Face: Touching your face can transfer bacteria and oils from your hands to your skin, leading to breakouts. 

Choose the Right Products: Use products suitable for your skin type. Look for labels such as “oil-free” and “non-comedogenic.” 

Maintain a Healthy Diet: Eat a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, and whole grains. Avoid excessive consumption of sugary and processed foods. 

Manage Stress: Practice stress-reducing techniques such as yoga, meditation, or exercise to keep your hormones balanced. 

Treatment Options for Acne 

Sometimes, despite your best efforts, acne can still occur. At Balance Medical Spa, we offer several treatment options to help manage and reduce acne: 

Topical Treatments: 

Salicylic Acid: This beta-hydroxy acid exfoliates the skin and helps unclog pores. It’s effective for treating mild to moderate acne and is commonly found in cleansers, serums, and spot treatments. 

Retinoids: Derived from vitamin A, retinoids promote cell turnover, preventing clogged pores. They are available in both over the counter and prescription forms. 

Niacinamide: Also known as vitamin B3, niacinamide is a versatile ingredient that helps regulate oil production, reduce inflammation, and improve skin barrier function. It’s beneficial for treating acne due to its anti-inflammatory properties and ability to soothe irritated skin. Niacinamide is often included in serums and moisturisers for its calming and brightening effects. 

Oral Medications: 

Antibiotics: These can help reduce bacteria and inflammation, making them effective for moderate to severe acne. They are usually prescribed for a short duration to avoid antibiotic resistance. 

Roaccutane (Isotretinoin): Roaccutane is a powerful oral medication used for severe acne that hasn’t responded to other treatments. It works by reducing oil production, decreasing inflammation, and preventing clogged pores. Due to its potency and potential side effects, Roaccutane is typically prescribed under strict medical supervision. 

Professional Treatments: 

SkinPen Microneedling: This advanced treatment uses fine needles to create micro-injuries in the skin, stimulating collagen production and promoting skin repair. SkinPen microneedling is especially effective for treating acne scars, improving skin texture, and reducing hyperpigmentation. 

Chemical Peels: Chemical peels involve applying a solution to the skin that exfoliates the top layers, revealing fresher, clearer skin underneath. Peels with salicylic acid, glycolic acid, or lactic acid can help reduce acne and improve overall skin tone. 

Laser and Light Therapies: These treatments use various wavelengths of light to target acne-causing bacteria and reduce inflammation. Laser and light therapies can be effective for moderate to severe acne and are often combined with other treatments. 


To Conclude… 

Acne is a complex skin condition influenced by hormonal changes, bacteria, genetics, diet, and stress. Understanding what causes acne and implementing preventive measures can help manage and reduce breakouts. At Balance Medical Spa, we are dedicated to helping you achieve clearer, healthier skin. Our range of services is tailored to meet your unique skin needs, offering personalised treatment plans to address your specific concerns. 

Schedule a consultation to learn more about how our expert team can help you manage acne and achieve your skincare goals. Your journey to clearer, healthier skin starts here. 

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Call us — 01208 869 690
Email us — info@balancewellness.co.uk

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