A Comprehensive Guide to Ageing Skin: Treatments, Care, and Prevention

Ageing is an inevitable process that each one of us must face. While ageing seems an abstract concept in our younger years, it becomes tangible when we start noticing the first signs on our skin. Wrinkles, fine lines, and skin laxity are common indicators of ageing. However, with the right knowledge and care, these signs of ageing can be managed effectively. At Balance Wellness Medical Spa, we believe in promoting skin health and helping our clients combat the signs of ageing with an array of treatments and advice. This comprehensive guide will help you understand the process of skin ageing and provide you with effective strategies to maintain youthful and healthy skin. 


Understanding Skin Ageing 

Before delving into the various treatments and preventive measures, it’s crucial to understand how ageing affects your skin. The skin is made of various layers, each contributing to its overall health and appearance. As we age, these layers undergo changes that result in visible signs of ageing. 

The Layers of Skin 

  •  Epidermis: The outermost layer of the skin that acts as a protective barrier against external infections. It contains skin cells, pigments, and proteins. 
  • Dermis: This middle layer is rich in blood vessels, nerves, hair follicles, oil glands, and an extracellular matrix of proteins like collagen and elastin. It provides the skin with nutrients and cushions it against stress and strain. 
  • Hypodermis or Subcutaneous: The innermost layer of the skin houses sweat glands, hair follicles, blood vessels, and fat. It regulates body temperature and insulates the body. 

The Changes in Ageing Skin 

As we age, these layers undergo changes due to reduced elasticity, thinner blood vessel walls, decreased oil production, and less subcutaneous fat. These changes lead to rougher skin texture, increased skin fragility, susceptibility to bruising, and a leaner look due to fat loss. Over time, these changes manifest as wrinkles, fine lines, sagging skin and age spots. 

The Ageing Timeline: Skin Changes Through the Decades 

Ageing skin doesn’t transform overnight. The changes occur gradually, influenced by factors like genetics, lifestyle, and environmental exposure. Understanding the timeline of these changes can help you anticipate and effectively manage them. 

Skin in Your Teens 

The teenage years are characterised by hormonal changes that can lead to acne and other skin conditions. It’s crucial during this time to avoid damaging behaviours like picking at spots, as this can lead to long-lasting scarring. Basic skincare routines, adequate sleep, and limited sun exposure can help maintain skin health during these challenging years. 

Skin in Your 20s 

By your 20s, most people have overcome the hormonal imbalances of their teenage years. However, the effects of past skincare practices and exposure to environmental factors start to show. Around the mid-20s, the skin’s production of collagen and elastin begins to slow down, leading to slight pigmentation and the emergence of fine lines around the eyes and lips. 

Skin in Your 30s 

In your 30s, skin changes become more prominent due to reduced cell turnover and the slowing down of fibroblast activity. Stress, a common factor in this busy decade of life, can exacerbate skin issues. You may notice deeper lines around the mouth and eyes, loosening skin under the chin, and a more tired appearance.  

Skin in Your 40s 

In your 40s, the skin starts to thin due to decreased elastin and collagen levels. The effects of sun damage become apparent, and deep lines and wrinkles are more visible than ever. The skin tends to look dull and grey, with scars and sun damage becoming more prominent.  

Skin in Your 50s and Beyond 

By the time you reach your 50s, the signs of ageing are fully visible. The skin becomes dry due to reduced sebum production, and wrinkles deepen. Age spots, spider veins, and skin tags may develop, and the skin loses much of its youthful tightness. 

Care and Prevention of Ageing Skin

While the ageing process is inevitable, there are steps you can take to slow down its effects and maintain healthy skin. 

Daily Skincare 

Maintaining healthy skin involves protecting it from the sun. Avoid sunbathing and tanning salons, limit exposure to the sun, especially during peak hours, and wear protective clothing. Use a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher and reapply it every two hours or more frequently if you’re sweating or swimming. 

Check Your Skin Regularly 

Regular skin checks can help detect signs of skin cancer early. Schedule yearly skin checks with a doctor as part of your regular physical. If you notice any worrying changes, consult a doctor immediately. 

Hydrate Your Skin 

As we age, our skin tends to become dry and itchy due to reduced oil production. Using a humidifier at home, bathing with moisturising body wash instead of soap, and applying moisturising cream or lotion daily can help maintain skin hydration. If your skin is extremely dry and itchy, consult a doctor. 


Treatment Options for Ageing Skin 

At Balance Wellness Medical Spa, we offer a range of treatments to combat the signs of ageing. From Profhilo and EmFace to Exilis, Chemical Peels, and SkinPen, we provide our clients with effective skin rejuvenation solutions. 

  • Profhilo 

Profhilo is an injectable treatment that boosts the skin’s hydration and smooths out fine lines and wrinkles. It stimulates the production of collagen and elastin, improving skin tone, texture, and elasticity.  

  • BTL’s EmFace 

EmFace is a non-invasive treatment that uses radiofrequency energy to tighten the skin and stimulate collagen production. It’s ideal for addressing sagging skin and reducing the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines. 

  • BTL’s Exilis Ultra 360 

Exilis uses ultrasound and radiofrequency technologies to tighten the skin, reduce fat, and stimulate collagen production. It’s a safe and effective treatment for various areas of the body, including the face and neck. 

  • Chemical Peels 

Chemical peels involve applying a solution to the skin to exfoliate and eventually peel off the top layers. The new skin underneath is smoother, less wrinkled, and more youthful looking.  

  • SkinPen Microneedling 

SkinPen is a minimally invasive treatment that creates controlled micro-injuries to stimulate the body’s natural wound healing process, resulting in increased collagen and elastin production. 

  •  Mole Screening 

At Balance Wellness Medical Spa, we also offer a mole screening service to detect any type of skin cancer present on the skin. Clients are referred to a Consultant Dermatologist if needed. 

Ageing is a natural process that brings changes to our skin. However, with the right knowledge, care, and treatments, these changes can be managed effectively. At Balance Wellness Medical Spa in Cornwall, we are committed to promoting skin health and helping our clients combat the signs of ageing. With our range of treatments and personalised care, we provide a nurturing space for rejuvenation and wellness. 

Whether you’re looking to maintain healthy skin, treat signs of ageing, or simply want advice on skincare, our team of professional practitioners is here to assist. Schedule a consultation with us to discuss your skin health goals and explore your treatment options. Ageing may be inevitable, but with the right care, you can age confidently. 

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